Here in Bains-les-Bains, the waters founded the town. From its first name Balneum, l’antique to Bains-en-Vosges during the Belle Époque, the discreet Bains-les-Bains Spa and its beneficial sources made its mark in history. The mineral springs supplying the spa of Bains-en-Vosges are: La grosse source, la Romaine, la Souterraine, le Robinet de Cuivre, le Robinet de Fer, la Tempérée, la Saint-Colomban, la Source Casquin, la Féconde, la Source de la Promenade and La Source de la Vache. In 1904, Dr. Auguste Mathieu created the Society of Thermal Baths which is now part of the chain Thermale du Soleil.
The birth of the Thermal baths
In 1864 the thermal waters in Bains-les-Bains were declared as a public interest by Napoleon III even though it had already been used in the Gallo-Roman era. In 1928, the station specialized in heart diseases. Le Bain de la Promenade, which is the current site of the baths, was built in the mid-eighteenth century, a few metres from the Roman Bath. Rebuilt in the 30's, it has a view of the Thermal Park and offers a relaxing environment with refined architecture and pretty mosaics whose main colours are turquoise and celadon.
The Romain Bath
The Roman Bath is the oldest pool in the spa area. It is a basin made of cut stones and colonnades which was built by the Romans. It is a real witness to the history of the spa. It was destroyed during the Thirty Years War by Swedish warriors but rebuilt and refilled with water by a wealthy bourgeois. The entire local population became frequent visitors to the bath and it quickly became unhealthy. Though it was repaired again at the end of the 18th century, visitors still stayed away from it because it had not been weather proofed. What we see today was rebuilt in 1845 however it closed again at the end of the 20th century so as to favour the Bain de la Promenade Spa.
A round for the hot water drinkers
For a different type of visit to Bains-les-Bains, drinkers can have a round of hot water. This is an invitation to roam through history whose guiding thread is water. The visitor can stroll from the hot springs to the park pond while seeing architectural sights and emblematic spa buildings. A one-kilometre walk, rich with many anecdotes and unusual sites to be immortalized in photos and finishes with a glass of delicious local fruit juice.